Acme Manufacturing makes a variety of household appliances at a single manufacturing facility. Theexpected demand for one of these appliances during the next four months is shown in the following tablealong with the expected production costs and the expected capacity for producing these items.
Month 1 2 3 4
Demand 420 580 310 540
Production Cost $49.00 $45.00 $46.00 $47.00
Production Capacity 500 520 450 550
Acme estimates it costs $1.50 per month for each unit of this appliance carried in inventory (estimated byaveraging the beginning and ending inventory levels each month). Currently, Acme has 120 units ininventory on hand for this product. To maintain a level workforce, the company wants to produce at least 400units per month. They also want to maintain a safety stock of at least 50 units per month. Acme wants todetermine how many of each appliance to manufacture during each of next four months to meet the expecteddemand at the lowest possible total cost.
1. Formulate a Linear Programming model for this problem
2. Create a spreadsheet model for this problem and solve it using Solver
3. What is the optimal solution?
4. How much money could Acme save if they were willing to drop the restriction about producing atleast 400 units per month?